Frequently Asked Questions

NMN Supplement

Q1.  How does NMN anti-aging?

NMN is classified as a dietary supplement and cannot replace medication. After NMN is converted to NAD+ in the body, it plays a role in activating longevity proteins, repairing DNA, promoting cellular energy production, regulating the biological clock, improving sleep, enhancing physical fitness, and lowering blood sugar levels.


Q2. Where are the differences between NAD and NMN?

NMN is a precursor to NAD, playing a crucial role in replenishing cellular NAD levels. NAD, on the other hand, directly participates in cellular energy metabolism and various biological processes. NMN can be taken orally as a supplement, while NAD is typically not administered directly due to limited bioavailability.


Q3. Where are the differences between NR and NMN?

Research has explored the efficacy of both NR and NMN in enhancing NAD+ levels. In an interview with Harvard genetics professor David Sinclair, he mentioned his preference for NMN over NR. In experiments, NMN supplementation led to older mice running 50% further due to improved blood flow and energy. Interestingly, supplementing with NR at the same dosage did not yield the same positive outcome observed with NMN. Further details on the disparities between the two can be found in the referenced article.


Q4. Is NMN better than NR? 

It appears likely that NMN holds an advantage over NR in the pathways converting NAD boosters (such as NMN and NR) into NAD, coupled with its greater stability in the bloodstream. Scientific studies suggest that NMN outperforms NR in various aspects. For instance, NMN demonstrates more favorable effects on aging symptoms compared to NR, and individuals often report experiencing greater benefits with NMN. However, NR is currently receiving significant promotion, sometimes overshadowing NMN. One contributing factor is that the production process of NR is patented, leading to a monopoly held by specific companies that aggressively market NR. In contrast, NMN lacks patent protection, resulting in less aggressive marketing of this molecule.


Q5. What are the side effects of NMN?

A study involving 10 male and 2 female amateur runners aged between 27 and 50 years found that NMN supplements were deemed safe, with doses of up to 1200 mg per day for 6 weeks showing no apparent side effects. Users of NMN supplements have reported no significant negative effects, indicating a promising safety profile. However, there remains a lack of sufficient human studies on NMN's potential in cancer prevention or suppression. It is advisable to consult with healthcare professionals before incorporating any supplements into one's regimen.


Q6. What foods contain NMN?

There are indeed many foods in our daily lives that contain NMN, such as broccoli, edamame, and cabbage, among others. It's worth noting that the NMN content can vary among different foods.


Q7. Is it safe to apply NMN raw materials directly?

It's not advisable to eat NMN raw materials directly. The NMN raw materials available on the market are usually industrial-grade or intended for research purposes. Consuming them without proper processing carries a high risk, as these materials might be contaminated and contain impurities.

Additionally, unprocessed NMN raw materials tend to be highly acidic, which can be harsh on the digestive system if consumed directly. This may lead to digestive discomfort or worsen existing digestive issues.


Q8. Is there any adverse reaction to taking NMN?

There are no adverse reactions to taking NMN. It is a natural substance, free from artificial chemicals and hormone-like substances, and it is safe and non-toxic with no side effects. It does not have a detrimental impact on the body's endocrine system or chemical balance.


Q9. Is there dependency on NMN?

No, there is no dependency on NMN.


Q10.  Can NMN resist radiation?

In 2017, Dr. David Sinclair, a professor at Harvard Medical School, received a major award for his groundbreaking solution to a biological problem. His solution involved using NMN, a precursor to NAD+, which can directly repair DNA damage caused by radiation exposure or aging. When mice were treated with NAD+ and NMN, they showed a significant improvement in their ability to repair DNA damage caused by radiation exposure or aging.

This discovery was so significant that even NASA decided to use NMN, a precursor to NAD+, to help protect against radiation. Radiation is a concern not only for astronauts but also for various professionals exposed to radiation, such as laboratory workers, at-risk engineers, pilots, flight attendants, frequent travelers, and outdoor workers. They actively supplement with NAD+ to resist the effects of aging and the risks associated with radiation exposure.


Q11. Can NMN help protect the liver from alcohol?

Yes, NMN can promote alcohol metabolism and enhance the body's tolerance to alcohol.


Q12. Can NMN protect hearing?

Yes, NMN increases NAD+ levels in ear neurons and tissues, providing protection against hearing loss caused by trauma.


Q13. Why is there such a significant price difference for NMN?

The price difference in NMN products primarily depends on the total NMN content in each bottle. For instance, if a bottle contains 60 capsules, and each capsule has 50mg of NMN, then the total NMN content in that bottle is 50mg * 60 capsules = 3000mg. So, it is labeled as NMN3000. Similarly, if each capsule contains 330mg of NMN, then the total content in a bottle is 330mg * 60 capsules = 19800mg, and it is labeled as NMN19800. The number following NMN represents the total content in each bottle.


Q14. What role does NMN play in supporting DNA repair mechanisms within cells?

NMN supports DNA repair indirectly by replenishing cellular NAD+ levels. NAD+ is a critical coenzyme involved in various cellular processes, including DNA repair mechanisms such as base excision repair and DNA strand break repair. By providing a precursor for NAD+ synthesis, NMN ensures an ample supply of NAD+ within cells, which in turn supports efficient DNA repair processes, helping to maintain genomic stability and integrity.


Q15: How does NMN contribute to increasing cellular energy levels within the body?

NMN boosts energy levels by serving as a precursor to NAD+ synthesis. NAD+ is a coenzyme involved in cellular metabolism, particularly in the production of ATP, the primary energy currency of cells. By replenishing NAD+ levels, NMN supports efficient energy production processes, leading to enhanced cellular energy levels.


Q16. How does NMN contribute to supporting heart health, and what mechanisms are involved in its beneficial effects on cardiovascular function?

NMN supports heart health through various mechanisms. It aids in the production of NAD+, which is essential for the function of sirtuins, a class of proteins associated with cardiovascular health. Sirtuins play roles in regulating inflammation, oxidative stress, and metabolism, all of which are critical factors in maintaining heart health. Additionally, NMN helps improve endothelial function, which is vital for proper blood vessel health and circulation. Furthermore, NMN may help protect against age-related declines in cardiovascular function by promoting mitochondrial biogenesis and enhancing cellular energy production.


Q17. How does NMN influence muscle growth?

NMN may support muscle growth through several mechanisms. Firstly, NMN plays a crucial role in increasing NAD+ levels, which are essential for cellular metabolism and energy production. This enhanced energy availability can support muscle growth and repair processes. Additionally, NMN may activate sirtuins, a class of proteins associated with various cellular functions, including muscle development and maintenance. Sirtuins can help regulate gene expression, promote mitochondrial biogenesis, and improve muscle function. Furthermore, NMN may also enhance blood flow and nutrient delivery to muscles, facilitating muscle recovery and growth. Overall, NMN supplementation has the potential to positively impact muscle growth and performance.


Q18. What is the relationship between NMN and cancer, and what are the potential implications for cancer prevention and treatment?

The relationship between NMN and cancer is complex and not fully understood. While some studies suggest that NMN may have potential anticancer effects through mechanisms such as promoting DNA repair and cellular metabolism regulation, other research indicates that increased NAD+ levels (which NMN supplementation can lead to) might fuel the growth of certain types of cancer cells. Further investigation is needed to elucidate the role of NMN in cancer development and progression, as well as its potential therapeutic applications in cancer treatment. It's crucial for individuals with cancer or at risk of cancer to consult with healthcare professionals before considering NMN supplementation.


Q19. How does NMN impact weight loss?

NMN may potentially support weight loss through various mechanisms. Firstly, NMN supplementation has been shown to enhance cellular metabolism by increasing NAD+ levels, which can boost energy expenditure and fat oxidation. Additionally, NMN may promote mitochondrial function, leading to improved energy production and utilization within cells. Furthermore, NMN has been suggested to activate sirtuins, which are involved in regulating metabolism and energy balance. While research on NMN specifically for weight loss is still limited, these mechanisms suggest that NMN supplementation may have potential benefits for supporting weight management when combined with a healthy diet and regular exercise routine.


Q20. What is NMN's potential role in Alzheimer's disease?

Research on NMN's potential role in Alzheimer's disease is in early stages. Preclinical studies suggest NMN may have neuroprotective effects, possibly through activating sirtuins and supporting mitochondrial function. However, further research, including human trials, is needed to confirm its efficacy and safety for Alzheimer's treatment.


Q21. Can NMN be used to treat COVID-19?

As of my last update in January 2022, there is no conclusive evidence to support the use of NMN (Nicotinamide Mononucleotide) as a treatment for COVID-19. While NMN has been studied for its potential immune-modulating effects and its ability to support cellular function, there is no direct evidence indicating its effectiveness against the SARS-CoV-2 virus or the disease it causes, COVID-19. Research into potential treatments for COVID-19 is ongoing, and any use of NMN for this purpose should be approached with caution and under the guidance of healthcare professionals. It's important to rely on information from reputable health authorities and scientific sources for guidance on COVID-19 prevention and treatment.


Q1.  What is Ergothioneine?

Ergothioneine is a special kind of amino acid and antioxidant that you can find in certain foods like mushrooms, beans, garlic, and oats. Think of it as a tiny superhero that protects our cells from getting harmed by things called oxidative stress and inflammation, which can happen when our bodies produce harmful substances. So, by munching on foods rich in ergothioneine, we're giving our cells an extra layer of defense against damage.


Q2. Which foods contain ergothioneine?

Foods that contain ergothioneine include mushrooms, beans, garlic, and oats.


Q3. What are the benefits of Ergothioneine?

The benefits of Ergothioneine include its antioxidant properties, which help protect cells from oxidative damage, its potential to reduce inflammation, support immune health, and potentially contribute to the prevention of various diseases. Additionally, Ergothioneine may aid in liver health by supporting detoxification processes and protecting liver cells from damage. However, further research is needed to fully understand the extent of its benefits and its potential applications in promoting overall health and well-being.


Q4. How does ergothioneine help improve immune health?

Ergothioneine may improve immunity by acting as an antioxidant, reducing inflammation, supporting immune cell function, and protecting against infections.


Q5. How does ergothioneine help improve liver health?

Ergothioneine helps improve liver health by acting as an antioxidant, reducing inflammation, supporting detoxification processes, protecting liver cells from damage, and potentially stimulating liver tissue regeneration.


Q6. Can ergothioneine help with weight loss?

As of current knowledge, there isn't substantial evidence to suggest that ergothioneine directly aids in weight loss. It's primarily recognized for its role in overall health rather than weight management..


Q7. Is ergothioneine safe to consume?

Ergothioneine is considered safe when consumed from dietary sources. However, as with any supplement, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional before taking ergothioneine supplements, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are pregnant or breastfeeding.


Q8. Is ergothioneine found in dietary supplements?

While ergothioneine is available in some dietary supplements, it's primarily obtained through dietary sources such as food. Supplements should be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.


Q9. Can ergothioneine be beneficial for immune health?

Yes, ergothioneine may support immune health due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which help protect immune cells from damage and modulate immune responses.


Q10.  Are there any side effects associated with ergothioneine consumption?

Ergothioneine consumption from dietary sources is generally considered safe. However, potential side effects from ergothioneine supplements are not well-established, so it's essential to use them cautiously and seek medical advice if needed.



Q1.   What is curcumin?

Curcumin is a naturally occurring compound found in turmeric, a spice commonly used in traditional medicine and cooking.


Q2. What are the benefits of curcumin?

Curcumin is known for its potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It may help support joint health, promote heart health, aid digestion, and contribute to overall well-being.


Q3. Relationship between Curcumin and Turmeric?

Curcumin is a compound found within turmeric, a spice derived from the root of the turmeric plant, and it's responsible for many of its health benefits.


Q4. Can curcumin help with pain relief?

Curcumin's anti-inflammatory properties make it a popular choice for managing pain associated with conditions like arthritis. Some research suggests it may help reduce pain and improve function in individuals with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.


Q5.  Is curcumin effective for reducing inflammation?

Yes, curcumin has been shown to inhibit inflammatory pathways in the body, making it beneficial for reducing inflammation associated with various diseases and conditions.


Q6. How does curcumin support heart health?

Curcumin may help promote heart health by improving endothelial function, reducing inflammation, lowering oxidative stress, and improving lipid profiles.


Q7. Can curcumin help with digestion?

Curcumin may aid digestion by stimulating bile production, promoting gut motility, and protecting the digestive tract from inflammation.


Q8. Is curcumin safe to consume?

Curcumin is generally considered safe when consumed in small amounts as a spice in cooking. However, high doses or long-term use of curcumin supplements may cause gastrointestinal upset in some individuals.


Q9. Are there any side effects associated with curcumin consumption?

While curcumin is well-tolerated by most people, high doses or prolonged use may cause side effects such as stomach upset, diarrhea, or allergic reactions in some individuals.


Q10.  Can curcumin interact with medications?

Curcumin may interact with certain medications, including blood thinners, antiplatelet drugs, and drugs that reduce stomach acid. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional before taking curcumin supplements, especially if you're on medication.


Q11. Is curcumin suitable for everyone?

While curcumin is generally safe for most people, individuals with certain medical conditions, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and children should consult with a healthcare professional before using curcumin supplements.





Q1. What is biotin?

Biotin, also known as vitamin B7 or vitamin H, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a key role in metabolism, particularly in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins.


Q2. What are the benefits of biotin?

Biotin is known for its role in promoting healthy hair, skin, and nails. It also supports energy metabolism, aids in the maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may have benefits for pregnant women in supporting fetal development.


Q3. Can biotin help with hair growth?

While biotin is often promoted for its potential to improve hair health and stimulate hair growth, scientific evidence supporting these claims is limited. However, biotin deficiency can lead to hair loss, so ensuring adequate biotin intake may be important for maintaining healthy hair.


Q4. Is biotin beneficial for nail health?

Biotin supplementation may help improve the strength and thickness of nails, as well as reduce brittleness. Some studies suggest that biotin may be effective in addressing brittle nails, although more research is needed to confirm its benefits.


Q5. Can biotin support metabolism and energy levels?

Yes, biotin plays a crucial role in energy metabolism by helping convert carbohydrates, fats, and proteins from food into energy that the body can use. Adequate biotin levels are important for maintaining optimal energy levels and overall metabolic function.


Q6. How much biotin do I need daily?

The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for biotin is 30 micrograms (mcg) per day for adults. However, higher doses may be recommended for certain individuals, such as pregnant or breastfeeding women or those with specific health conditions.


Q7. Are there any side effects associated with biotin supplementation?

Biotin supplements are generally considered safe when taken at recommended doses. However, high doses of biotin supplements may cause mild side effects such as nausea, digestive issues, or skin rashes in some individuals.


Q8. Can biotin interfere with lab tests?

Biotin supplements can interfere with certain lab tests, including thyroid function tests and troponin tests, leading to inaccurate results. If you're taking biotin supplements and need to undergo lab tests, it's essential to inform your healthcare provider to ensure accurate interpretation of results.


Q9. Is biotin deficiency common?

Biotin deficiency is rare, as biotin is found in a variety of foods such as eggs, nuts, seeds, and certain fruits and vegetables. However, certain factors such as pregnancy, breastfeeding, certain medications, or specific health conditions may increase the risk of biotin deficiency.


Q10. Can biotin supplements interact with medications?

Biotin supplements are generally safe and well-tolerated, but they may interact with certain medications, including anticonvulsants and antibiotics. It's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before starting biotin supplementation, especially if you're taking medications or have underlying health conditions.

Coenzyme Q10

Q1. What is CoQ10?

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a naturally occurring compound found in every cell of the body, where it plays a crucial role in generating energy and acting as an antioxidant to protect cells from damage.


Q2. What are the benefits of CoQ10?

CoQ10 has numerous health benefits, including supporting heart health by promoting cardiovascular function and maintaining healthy blood pressure levels. It also supports cellular energy production, helps combat oxidative stress, and may have anti-aging properties.


Q3. Can CoQ10 help with energy levels?

Yes, CoQ10 is involved in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the primary energy currency of cells. Supplementing with CoQ10 may help support cellular energy production, leading to increased energy levels and reduced fatigue.


Q4. Is CoQ10 beneficial for heart health?

CoQ10 is essential for the proper functioning of the heart muscle. It helps maintain the heart's energy levels, supports healthy circulation, and acts as an antioxidant to protect the heart from oxidative damage. Research suggests that CoQ10 supplementation may benefit individuals with heart conditions and support overall cardiovascular health.


Q5. How does CoQ10 work as an antioxidant? 

CoQ10 helps neutralize harmful free radicals and reduce oxidative stress in the body. Its antioxidant properties help protect cells, including those in the heart, from damage caused by oxidative stress, which is implicated in various chronic diseases and the aging process.


Q6. Is CoQ10 naturally produced in the body?

Yes, the body naturally produces CoQ10, but its production tends to decrease with age. Additionally, certain health conditions and medications may further reduce CoQ10 levels in the body, making supplementation beneficial for some individuals.


Q7. Can CoQ10 supplements interact with medications?

CoQ10 supplements are generally well-tolerated, but they may interact with certain medications, including blood thinners, blood pressure medications, and chemotherapy drugs. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting CoQ10 supplementation, especially if you're taking medications.


Q8. Are there any side effects associated with CoQ10 supplementation?

CoQ10 supplements are considered safe for most people when taken as directed. However, high doses may cause mild side effects such as gastrointestinal discomfort. Rarely, allergic reactions or interactions with medications may occur, so it's essential to use CoQ10 supplements under medical supervision.


Q9. Can CoQ10 benefit individuals with certain health conditions?

Research suggests that CoQ10 supplementation may benefit individuals with heart conditions, migraine headaches, Parkinson's disease, and certain genetic disorders affecting mitochondrial function. However, more research is needed to fully understand its effectiveness for these conditions.


Q10. How should CoQ10 supplements be taken?

CoQ10 supplements are available in various forms, including capsules, softgels, and chewable tablets. They can be taken with meals to enhance absorption. The optimal dosage may vary depending on individual needs and health conditions, so it's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized recommendations.